• THE TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD

    goldenspike1.jpg

    cooltext556041967.jpg

    click "Web-Based Resources" to locate more information



    Danielle Small,Library Media Specialist==== ====
    THINGS TO DO and QUESTIONSfor Transcontinental Railroad
    railroad_track_inspect_main_0379.jpg

    1. Before you begin your research and investigating the following questions concerning The Transcontinental Railroad and the Native Americans and Pioneers, please fill out the K-W-L chart!

    Most of you watched a video that introduced the Transcontinental Railroad! Write down everything you remember!

    ---

    2. View the political map of the United States in 1860 and answer the following questions:

    A. In 1860, did the United States encompass land from the Atlantic to the Pacific coasts? A.YES B. NO

    B. How many states existed in 1860? A.10 states B. 20 states C. 33 states

    ---

    3. What is the difference between a state and a territory?

    A. A state is usually much larger than a territory.

    B. A state has a president and a territory just has its' people represent it.

    C. The main differences between a state and a territory is generally the type of government and the amount of representation its residents have in the government.

    ---

    4. There is a primary document called The Northwest Ordinacethat was created by the government on July 13, 1787. How did this document assist in continuing the growth of the United States of America?

    A. The government was able to lock down more southern states such like Florida, Georgia and the Carolinas.

    B. The Northwest Ordinance accelerated the westward expansion of the United States adding states,like Ohio, Indiana, Illiniois, Michigan and Wisconsin.

    C. Finally Maine and Vermont joined the States with The Northwest Ordinance document signed by Thomas Jefferson.

    ---

    5. At first, so few Easterners settled in the Great Plains and continued to cross America all the way to California. Why were the Great Plains not glamorous enough for these people?

    A. The Easterners heard about the gold in California and kept on their way past the Great Plains.

    B. The Great Plains had harsh conditions: flat grounds, and was subject to tornadoes, heavy hailstorms, ice storms, bitter cold, droughts, blizzards, and dust storms

    C. Far too few trees in the Great Plains. The settlers would have nothing to build with.

    D. All of the above.

    ---

    6. Before the Transcontinental Railroad was built, how did people travel?

    A. images.jpg

    B.oregon-trail-interpretive-park-la-grande-or175.jpg

    C.logo1.gif

    ---

    7. Why was the transcontinental railroad so important to build?

    A. The railroad was important because the Native Indians needed a way to transport their weapons.

    B. The education on the west coast was more exceptional than the east, therefore, the high class needed a quicker way to travel to school.

    C.The transcontinental railroad would unite the Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads, making travel quicker and less dangerous.

    ---

    8. When did the building of the railroad start?

    A. The first spikes were driven in 1863 in Omaha in the midst of the Civil War.

    B. The railroad was born in 1820 strating in Florida and ending in Texas.

    C. In 1900, Henry Ford's biggest project was the Transcontinental Railroad before he began building cars in the 1920's.

    ---

    9. The majority of the railroad workers were of what ethnicity?

    A. white American men

    B. Chinese immigrants

    C. young Mexican men

    ---

    10. The transcontinental railroad was made out of pure steel. How much did this project cost?

    A. $50,000,000

    B. 10,000

    C. 1 billion

    ---

    11. Prior to the American Europeans settling in, what groups mainly owned and lived on the Great Plains?

    A. The Nazi Germans

    B. The Native Indians

    C. The Plaintiff Family

    ---
    Indian-Brave-with-Feather-th.jpg

    12. The Plains Indians lives were turned upside down by the white man. Why?

    A. The white settlers came to settle in the Great Plains and "aggressively stole" the Native American and Plains Indians' land.

    B. The white settlers killed every single wild turkey; therefore, the Indians could not celebrate at their feast.

    C. When building the transcontinental railroad, the tracks ripped through the Indians' homes and killed many of their livestock.

    ---

    13. The Indians were displaced on their reservations because of the settlers. How did they handle it?

    A. The Indians kindheartedly welcomed the white man into their homes sharing their food and goods.

    B. The Indians and the white man fought brutal wars against each other until many people died.

    C. The Indians welcomed the work of slaves

    ---

    Please click on the following link, and read the very interesting information concerning the relationship between whites and Indians. (Read to Learn...don't just skim! This is very interesting stuff!)

    14. The Indians did not see (fill in the blank) as a source of profit, but rather as the direct source of (fill in the blank).

    A. land, life

    B. money, health

    C. land, entertainment

    ---

    15. Europeans brought over many (fill in the blank) to the Great Plains, (fill in the blank) was the principal destroyer of native peoples.

    A. gold coins, Columbus

    B. white children, arrow heads

    C. diseases, smallpox

    ---

    16. Buffalo were a very important part of the Indian way of life. In your own words, describe how buffalo played a factor in the Indian's lifestyle.


    ---

    7082-stock-photography-apsaroke-indian-called-white-man-runs-him-by-jvpd.jpg7082-stock-photography-apsaroke-indian-called-white-man-runs-him-by-jvpd.jpg

    IMPORTANT INFORMATION TO KNOW: Just as Indians have been called “Americanizers” of the European settlers, so were the Indians profoundly changed by their contact with whites. The four factors introduced by whites that most influenced the Indians were:

    *Disease: The arrival of the Europeans meant the arrival of diseases to which the Indians had not developed immunity. The results were devastating.

    *Horses: The Spaniards introduced the horse the Indians, and one historian has called it “a marriage made in heaven.” The horse transformed the life of the Plains Indians in much the same way that the automobile changed modern people’s lives.

    *Guns: The bow and arrow in the hands of an Indian brave was a powerful weapon—an Indian hunter could drive an arrow through the thick body of a buffalo while riding rapidly across the prairie. But rifles could shoot farther and do more damage, and Indians got them whenever and wherever they could.

    *Whiskey: Indians did not know how to handle whiskey, and the spread of alcoholism among Indian males is a problem that has persisted into modern times.

    7082-stock-photography-apsaroke-indian-called-white-man-runs-him-by-jvpd.jpg

    7082-stock-photography-apsaroke-indian-called-white-man-runs-him-by-jvpd.jpg








    17. *CHOOSE ONE TRIBE OF INDIANS TO RESEARCH! CLICK THE PICTURE AND LOCATE THE ANSWERS THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS:

    A. What does the Tribe Name mean? (Ex: What does the word "Apache" mean?)

    B. What location is this Indian Tribe familiar to?

    C. Is this tribe famous or well-known for a particular reason? Name a famous person from your tribe.

    D. List three important facts about this tribe.

    apache-indians-2.jpg
    !cid_6EF57B7B58814788A7F895BCC0A707BA.jpg
    nezperce.jpg
    Navajo_Indians_Shiprock_New_Mexico-1024x768.jpg
    APACHE
    CHEYENNE
    NEZ PERCE
    NAVAJO
    Comanches.jpg
    Lakota-Sioux.jpg
    crow-indians-2.jpg
    crowfoot.jpg
    COMANCHE
    LAKOTA
    CROW
    BLACK FOOT

    18. *CHOOSE A PLAINS INDIAN. CHOOSE A NATIVE INDIAN. CHOOSE AN POPULAR INDIAN TO RESEARCH!*

    (Click on ONE INDIAN of your choose and answer the following questions by clicking on the picture.

    A. What years was this Indian alive?

    B. What location is this Indian from?

    C. Why is this Indian popular?

    D. Was this Indian part of a tribe? How did they affect the world?

    blackhawk.jpg

    joseph1.jpg
    dah_people_osceola.jpg

    images.jpeg
    200px-Pontiac-chief-artist-impression-414px.jpg
    BlackHawk
    Chief Joseph
    Osceola
    Pocahontas
    Pontiac
    sacajawea.jpg

    cherokee4.jpg

    Sitting_Bull_sharp_photo.png

    1386025_squanto.jpg

    220px-Tecumseh02.jpg

    Sacajawea
    Sequoya
    Sitting Bull
    Squanto
    Tecumseh



    WORKS CITED FOR TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD