THE TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD
Danielle Small,Library Media Specialist==== ====
THINGS TO DO and QUESTIONSfor Transcontinental Railroad
1. Before you begin your research and investigating the following questions concerning The Transcontinental Railroad and the Native Americans and Pioneers, please fill out the K-W-L chart!
Most of you watched a video that introduced the Transcontinental Railroad! Write down everything you remember!
2. View the political map of the United States in 1860 and answer the following questions:
A. In 1860, did the United States encompass land from the Atlantic to the Pacific coasts? A.YES B. NO
3. What is the difference between a state and a territory?
C. The main differences between a state and a territory is generally the type of government and the amount of representation its residents have in the government.
4. There is a primary document called The Northwest Ordinacethat was created by the government on July 13, 1787. How did this document assist in continuing the growth of the United States of America?
A. The government was able to lock down more southern states such like Florida, Georgia and the Carolinas.
B. The Northwest Ordinance accelerated the westward expansion of the United States adding states,like Ohio, Indiana, Illiniois, Michigan and Wisconsin.
C. Finally Maine and Vermont joined the States with The Northwest Ordinance document signed by Thomas Jefferson.
5. At first, so few Easterners settled in the Great Plains and continued to cross America all the way to California. Why were the Great Plains not glamorous enough for these people?
A. The Easterners heard about the gold in California and kept on their way past the Great Plains.
B. The Great Plains had harsh conditions: flat grounds, and was subject to tornadoes, heavy hailstorms, ice storms, bitter cold, droughts, blizzards, and dust storms
6. Before the Transcontinental Railroad was built, how did people travel?
7. Why was the transcontinental railroad so important to build?
B. The education on the west coast was more exceptional than the east, therefore, the high class needed a quicker way to travel to school.
C.The transcontinental railroad would unite the Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads, making travel quicker and less dangerous.
8. When did the building of the railroad start?
C. In 1900, Henry Ford's biggest project was the Transcontinental Railroad before he began building cars in the 1920's.
9. The majority of the railroad workers were of what ethnicity?
10. The transcontinental railroad was made out of pure steel. How much did this project cost?
11. Prior to the American Europeans settling in, what groups mainly owned and lived on the Great Plains?
12. The Plains Indians lives were turned upside down by the white man. Why?
A. The white settlers came to settle in the Great Plains and "aggressively stole" the Native American and Plains Indians' land.
B. The white settlers killed every single wild turkey; therefore, the Indians could not celebrate at their feast.
C. When building the transcontinental railroad, the tracks ripped through the Indians' homes and killed many of their livestock.
13. The Indians were displaced on their reservations because of the settlers. How did they handle it?
Please click on the following link, and read the very interesting information concerning the relationship between whites and Indians. (Read to Learn...don't just skim! This is very interesting stuff!)
14. The Indians did not see (fill in the blank) as a source of profit, but rather as the direct source of (fill in the blank).
15. Europeans brought over many (fill in the blank) to the Great Plains, (fill in the blank) was the principal destroyer of native peoples.
16. Buffalo were a very important part of the Indian way of life. In your own words, describe how buffalo played a factor in the Indian's lifestyle.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION TO KNOW: Just as Indians have been called “Americanizers” of the European settlers, so were the Indians profoundly changed by their contact with whites. The four factors introduced by whites that most influenced the Indians were:
*Disease: The arrival of the Europeans meant the arrival of diseases to which the Indians had not developed immunity. The results were devastating.
*Horses: The Spaniards introduced the horse the Indians, and one historian has called it “a marriage made in heaven.” The horse transformed the life of the Plains Indians in much the same way that the automobile changed modern people’s lives.
*Guns: The bow and arrow in the hands of an Indian brave was a powerful weapon—an Indian hunter could drive an arrow through the thick body of a buffalo while riding rapidly across the prairie. But rifles could shoot farther and do more damage, and Indians got them whenever and wherever they could.
*Whiskey: Indians did not know how to handle whiskey, and the spread of alcoholism among Indian males is a problem that has persisted into modern times.
17. *CHOOSE ONE TRIBE OF INDIANS TO RESEARCH! CLICK THE PICTURE AND LOCATE THE ANSWERS THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS:
C. Is this tribe famous or well-known for a particular reason? Name a famous person from your tribe.
APACHE CHEYENNE NEZ PERCE NAVAJO COMANCHE LAKOTA CROW BLACK FOOT BlackHawk Chief Joseph Osceola Pocahontas Pontiac Sacajawea Sequoya Sitting Bull Squanto Tecumseh
WORKS CITED FOR TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD