A WebQuest is an inquiry-oriented lesson format in which most or all the information that learners work with comes from the web.

    THE NORTH vs THE SOUTH (1861-1865)

    General Ulysses S. Grant
    Union General, North

    General Robert E. Lee
    Confederate General, South
    "Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth upon this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as the final resting place of those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us, the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work that they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us, that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion; that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain; that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."
    President Abraham Lincoln, at the dedication of the cemetery at Gettysburg,
    Pennsylvania, November 19, 1863

    The Assignment:


    It is 3:30 a.m. in the middle of the night. 
    You have just woken up from a long and strange night of sleep. 

    You have been learning about the Civil War in school, and last night you dreamt that you were fighting in civil war battles, talking to soldiers, and listening to President Lincoln give an Address at Gettysburg.

    Suddenly, you hear a knock outside of your window. You open your window and see a boy peering in at you. You ask him who he is and want he wants. 

    "My name is Emit Praw." he replies. "I need your help."

    You ask him how he got here and he replies that he has been traveling through time warps for years. He tells you that he just came back from the year 2015. You are to find out that something terrible has happened in the future. Nobody in the year 2015 remembers anything about the Civil War. He is afraid that if something isn't done about it, this important event in history will be forgotten forever.
    "What can I do to help?" you ask.
    "You can help me by gathering up 3 classmates, coming with me through the time warp, learning more about the Civil War, and then sharing it with your fellow classmates. 
    It is important that they learn all about it so that they can share it with others, who will share it with others, who will share it with others, and so on."
    You are amazed at what you are hearing.
    "Well," he says, "are you going to accept this mission?"
    "Absolutely!" you state. " I can't believe I am going to travel through time and see all of these famous events, people, and places. I have always wondered what it would be like to live during the time of the Civil War. But what should I tell my folks?"
    "Tell them your with Emit Praw! I think they will catch on to the meaning of my name."


    The Civil War was a war between the states of the North against the states of the South. 
    It was the greatest war in American history. 
    3 million soldiers fought - 600,000 died, making this war the heaviest of casualties in all of history.
    The southern states wanted to have their own nation and be able to decide what laws to have. 
    The north did not want the country to be broken apart. 
    In the election of 1860 Abraham Lincoln stated that he wanted to stop the spread of slavery. 
    The southern states said that if Lincoln won, they would secede (leave) the union.
    When Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president, the South Carolina legislature perceived a threat. Calling a state convention, the delegates voted to remove the state of South Carolina from the union known as the United States of America. The secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of six more states -- Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas -- and the threat of secession by four more -- Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America.
    The Civil War began. 
    It was the only war fought on American soil by Americans, and for that reason we have always been fascinated with The Civil War.


    Your time travel team (4 of you) will need to research and report on many important aspects of the Civil War. 
    Your team will be :
    *making a map of southern and northern states
    *creating a timeline
    *reporting on battles
    *reporting on events and people
    *retrieving written letters from Civil War soldiers
    *making northern and southern flags
    *comparing advantages and disadvantages of the north and south during the war.


    *The four roles of your group members will be a reporterhistorian, illustrator, and an editor.
    *Each person will have a specific task. 
    *Each time traveler will be required to keep a journal to record all findings while in the time warp. 

    Upon arriving back at the present time, each member will then need to organize their findings into a clear, neat, and creative form that can be presented to classmate.

    Your Job
    Resource Ideas
    Find 2 letters from Civil War Soldiers. Print them out & paste them in your journal.
    Report on what the Underground Railroad was.
    Compare advantages and disadvantages of the north and south. Include each side of the issues causing the war.
    Report on the meaning of abolition and secession. 
    Type up reports in Word.
    Use a Venn Diagram to show how the North and South were alike, different and the same.You can create this in Word or Power Point.
    Create a timeline of 10 important events/battles during the war. Each event or battle should have a detailed description of the important information and pictures.
    Create a graph comparing war costs and causalities. 
    Create timeline with pictures and descriptions as slides in Power Point.
    Use Chart Wizard in Excel to create graphs showing costs and causalities. 
    Create replicas of the Union and Confederate flags.
    Identify states of the Union and Confederacy. Use a visual aid to show the states of each side.
    Show examples of uniforms worn by soldiers and money used during the war.
    Kid Pix may be used to create flags.
    Insert pictures of the Northern and Southern states into Word. Document and label states.
    Find pictures of currency and copy into a word document.
    Write an article on the causes of the civil war.
    Identify and and write about 2 important women and 2 important African Americans during the Civil War.
    Identify and write about 3 important people from each side of the war. This may include generals, presidents, etc. 
    Use Microsoft Publisher to create news articles about your assigned topics. 
    Find pictures on the Internet and copy into articles.

    You may use the following websites to help you gather your data:

    An Overview of the American Civil War

    A Timeline: The 1860’s – The Civil War

    Emancipation Proclamation

    Manuscripts of the American Civil War: Diaries & Letters

    Primary Document in American History: Compromise of 1850

    Key Events and Battles of the Civil War

    The Mexican War

    Important People of the Civil War

    Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address

    Jefferson Davis, the President of the Confederate States of America

    Bleeding Kansas Crisis

    Northern Advantages in the Civil War

    Strengths and Weaknesses in the Civil War

    Strange & Interesting Facts about the Civil War

    Union and Confederate Uniforms


    Each time traveler will be evaluated on grammar, punctuation, and spelling of written or typed work. 

    Neatness, creativity, and completion of tasks will also be considered when grading the projects. 

    It is also important that while traveling through time, all travelers work cooperatively. 

    In addition to handing in your journal, will be used to assess your work.


    Works Cited

    “Back Button” BlueGlass Interactive, Inc. 2002-2011. Web. 1 Sept 2011. http://www.blueglass.com/blog/information-scent-help-users-needed-info/

    “General Robert E. Lee.” Photo. Next Small Things. 2011. Web. 1 Sept. 2011.http://www.coolchaser.com/graphics/tag/general%20robert%20e%20lee

    “Ulysses S. Grant.” America’s Best History: U.S. Timeline – 1860s. 2009. Web. 1 Sept. 2011.

    This webquest main idea was created by Michelle Dishon and Betsy Rhodes E.S.
    I have changed quotes, websites, and updated information to suit the students in my classes.

    Danielle Small,
    Library Media Specialist