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    WHEN WRITING A CITATION/WORKS CITED SHEET, please reference this information on

    PURDUE OWL  

    ·      make sure you alphabetize your works cited entries by last name, first name.

    ·     Every second line and line thereafter of an entries must be indented

    ·       the word “Works Cited” is centered at the top

    ·      Entries are double spaced

    ·      All book titles and webpage titles are italicized

      

    Below is the general format for any citation:

    Author. Title. Title of container (self contained if book), Other contributors (translators or editors), Version (edition), Number (vol. and/or no.), Publisher, Publication Date, Location (pages, paragraphs URL or DOI). 2nd container’s title, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location, Date of Access (if applicable).

    Example of a basic book: 

    Last Name, First Name.  Title of Book.  Publisher, Publication Date.   

    Orwell, George.  1984: a Novel.  New American Library, 1984. 

    Example of a book with more than one author: 

    Last Name, First Name, and First Name Last Name.  Title of Book.  Publisher, Publication Date.   

    Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide to Peer Tutoring. Allyn and Bacon, 2000.

    Example of a book with Three or More Authors:
     
    Wysocki, Anne Frances, et al. Writing New Media: Theory and Applications for Expanding the Teaching of Composition. Utah State UP, 2004.

    Last Name, First Name, and First Name Last Name.  Title of Book.  Publisher, Publication Date.   

    Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide to Peer Tutoring. Allyn and Bacon, 2000. 

    A Work in an Anthology, Reference or Collection

    Works may include an essay in an edited collection or anthology, or a chapter of a book. The basic form is for this sort of citation is as follows:

    Last name, First name. "Title of Essay." Title of Collection, edited by Editor's Name(s), Publisher, Year, Page range of entry.

    Some examples:

    Harris, Muriel. "Talk to Me: Engaging Reluctant Writers." A Tutor's Guide: Helping Writers One to One, edited by Ben Rafoth, Heinemann, 2000, pp. 24-34.

    Swanson, Gunnar. "Graphic Design Education as a Liberal Art: Design and Knowledge in the University and The 'Real World.'" The Education of a Graphic Designer, edited by Steven Heller, Allworth Press, 1998, pp. 13-24.

    Note on Cross-referencing Several Items from One Anthology: If you cite more than one essay from the same edited collection, MLA indicates you may cross-reference within your works cited list in order to avoid writing out the publishing information for each separate essay. You should consider this option if you have several references from a single text. To do so, include a separate entry for the entire collection listed by the editor's name as below:

    Rose, Shirley K., and Irwin Weiser, editors. The Writing Program Administrator as Researcher. Heinemann, 1999.

    Then, for each individual essay from the collection, list the author's name in last name, first name format, the title of the essay, the editor's last name, and the page range:

    L'Eplattenier, Barbara. "Finding Ourselves in the Past: An Argument for Historical  Work on WPAs." Rose and Weiser, pp. 131-40.

    Peeples, Tim. "'Seeing' the WPA With/Through Postmodern Mapping." Rose and Weiser, pp. 153-67.

    Please note: When cross-referencing items in the works cited list, alphabetical order should be maintained for the entire list. 

    Poem or Short Story:

    Burns, Robert. "Red, Red Rose." 100 Best-Loved Poems, edited by Philip Smith, Dover, 1995, p. 26.

    Kincaid, Jamaica. "Girl." The Vintage Book of Contemporary American Short Stories, edited by Tobias Wolff, Vintage, 1994, pp. 306-07.

    Citing a website: 

    Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number, Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available), URL, DOI or permalink. Date of access (if applicable).

    The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue U, 2008, owl.english.purdue.edu/owl. Accessed 23 Apr. 2008.

    Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. 2003, www.cla.purdue.edu/english/theory/. Accessed 10 May 2006.

    A Page on a Web Site

    For an individual page on a Web site, list the author or alias if known, followed by the information covered above for entire Web sites. If the publisher is the same as the website name, only list it once.

    "Athlete's Foot - Topic Overview." WebMD, 25 Sept. 2014, www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/tc/athletes-foot-topic-overview.

    Lundman, Susan. "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow, www.ehow.com/how_10727_make-vegetarian-chili.html. Accessed 6 July 2015.

    An Image (Including a Painting, Sculpture, or Photograph)

    Provide the artist's name, the work of art italicized, the date of creation, the institution and city where the work is housed. Follow this initial entry with the name of the Website in italics, and the date of access.

    Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800. Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid. Museo Nacional del Prado, www.museodelprado.es/en/the-collection/art-work/the-family-of-carlos-iv/f47898fc-aa1c-48f6-a779-71759e417e74. Accessed 22 May 2006.

    Klee, Paul. Twittering Machine. 1922. Museum of Modern Art, New York. The Artchive, www.artchive.com/artchive/K/klee/twittering_machine.jpg.html. Accessed May 2006.

    If the work is cited on the web only, then provide the name of the artist, the title of the work, and then follow the citation format for a website. If the work is posted via a username, use that username for the author.

    Adams, Clifton R. “People relax beside a swimming pool at a country estate near Phoenix, Arizona, 1928.” Found, National Geographic Creative, 2 June 2016, natgeofound.tumblr.com/.

    YouTube Video

    Video and audio sources need to be documented using the same basic guidelines for citing print sources in MLA style. Include as much descriptive information as necessary to help readers understand the type and nature of the source you are citing. If the author’s name is the same as the uploader, only cite the author once. If the author is different from the uploaded, cite the author’s name before the title.

     “8 Hot Dog Gadgets put to the Test.” YouTube, uploaded by Crazy Russian Hacker, 6 June 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=WBlpjSEtELs.

    McGonigal, Jane. “Gaming and Productivity.” YouTube, uploaded by Big Think, 3 July 2012, www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkdzy9bWW3E.

     

     

    HOW TO WRITE IN TEXT CITATIONS CORRECTLY:

    BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

    "Who is Buddha?." Zen Buddhism.  www.zen-buddhism.net/history/who-is-buddha.html. Assessed 21 Aug 2017.

    DIRECT QUOTATION FROM BOOK:

    "After making the acquaintance of a mendicant monk, he calmly and peacefully decided to abandon his family, wealth, and power to achieve Enlightenment. Buddhists call this decision "The Great Renunciation", and they consider it a turning point in history."

    IN PAPER CITATION: 

    An accountant for the Olympic Games plays a intricate role, especially when “more than 10,500 athletes of about 205 nations around the world are expected to come to the Rio 2016 Olympic Games” (“The Olympic Games”). 

    OTHER EXAMPLES FROM PURDUE OWL:

    Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263). 

    Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).