ARGUMENTATIVE DETAILED PARAGRAPH
Argumentative writing is a type of writing that requires you to investigate a topic, collect, and evaluate evidence, and establish a position (assertion) on the topic in a brief manner. Each of you will choose a topic, research facts that support your position on that topic, and write an introductory paragraph. In this paragraph, you are to mention the topic at hand (assertion), facts to be reviewed (evidence), and the opposing viewpoint (counterclaim).
TOPICS TO CHOOSE FROM:
1. (mobile technology and health effects) You and most of your friends carry a cell phone or some type of mobile device every day. These devices all emit something called Radiofrequency Radiation and are said to cause disturbances and distractions to us. Do you think that people should be concerned about their health due to these devices as distractors and/or cause other health ailments?
2. (Video Games) Since the release of the first video game in the 1970’s, concerns have raised about the level of violence contained in those games and how that violence may affect the real-life behavior of those who play them. Do you believe modern day games such as Grand Theft Auto, Mortal Kombat, Battlefield and/or others cause young adolescents to be more violent?
3. (sports related) The ImPACT (Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing) program has become the standard for computerized concussion evaluation. Pottsgrove athletes must take this test once every two years. Hundreds of thousands of athletes across the country take the test to create a cognitive baseline, especially during the fall as school sports begin. Should this program be used to diagnose concussions and provide a guideline for how quickly athletes can return to their athletic endeavors?
4. (technology & health) The 1918 flu pandemic was responsible for the death of more than 675,000 Americans and more than 50 million people worldwide. The devastation and fear caused by this pandemic is, in part, what drives the preparedness of the United States today. Since 1918, the United States has developed flu vaccines and other antiviral medications. Should this vaccination be mandatory?
5. (schools) Since the early twentieth century, a basic education in the US has centered around the “three Rs” of reading, writing, and arithmetic. Increasingly, educators and business leaders have pushed for the inclusion of more in-depth training in the sciences, engineering, and technical (STEM or STEAM) disciplines early in a student’s school years. Should schools be focusing on these 21st Century skills--collaboration, creativity, critical thinking, communication and cooperation--within their curriculums?
6. (creative) Write your own topic, using the above statements to guide you. See Dr. Mays Coleman for approval.
- Choose a topic from above.
- Define your issue mentioning both sides of the issue.
- Make a focused claim (assertion) about your issue (be clear on which side of the argument you support).
- Research! Use the graphic organizer for notes.
- Provide reasons that support your thesis (assertion).
- Provide information about an opposing view. Write at least one succinct sentence that expresses the counterclaim.
- Create a works cited. Give credit where credit is due. (TIP: If you utilize any of the library databases, the works cited is usually created for you to cut and paste into your project).
RESOURCES AVAILABLE TO ASSIST YOUR RESEARCH:
- Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context: http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/ovic/?p=OVIC&u=pl2695 This database has controversial topics such as abortion issues, AIDS/HIV, Animal Welfare, Censorship, Civics & Government, Labor & Economics, War & Peace, Women’s Issues, etc. This database usually contains articles that argue “Point” and “CounterPoint”. (PASSWORD FROM HOME: pl2695)
- Books in library card catalog: http://pgdestiny.pgsd.org Complete a search of your topic.
- EasyBib: Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles. http://www.easybib.com/ or just view "How To Write a Works Cited?"
- EBSCOhost Web: For additional resources, use EBSCOhost to locate full text articles. (PASSWORD FROM HOME: username:pottsgrove password: highschool)