• 7th Grade Tasks - Life

     

    B-1           10-1

    All life on Earth is in cells.

    Some life is unicellular, one cell.

    Most life you know of is multicellular, lots of cells.

    Try to name at least 3 types of each

    unicellular:

    multicellular:

    How can you tell if something is alive?

     

     

    Task B-2    10-2

    All organisms:

    have organized systems

    grow and develop

    reproduce

    respond to stimulus

    homeostasis - internal environment

    use energy

     

    organisms - living things are made of organic matter

     

    Define life - 

     

    AS - Theory

    Life Video

     

     

     

    Task B-3     10-3

    1.  Where does the energy come from that powers life on Earth?

    2.  What do we call the ability to keep the

         right temperature and conditions inside a cell?

    3.  Why do you eat?  

    4.  What happens when you touch a hot stove?

     

    Task B-4    10-4

     Unicellular organism reproduce by splitting into two.

    Multicellular organisms reproduce by exchanging

    genetic material with a mate.

     Task B-5       10-7

    There is internal stimulus, like hunger.

    There is external stimulus, like light, heat and sound.

    1.  Do you know of any plants that can respond to external stimulus?

    2.  How do humans respond to external heat for homeostasis?

    3.  How do dogs respond to external heat for homeostasis?

     

    Stimulus

    Living Things

     

    Task B-6      10-8

     

    All life on the Earth is classified into three DOMAINS:

    Bacteria- unicellular simple organisms, no nucleus

     

    Archaea - unicellular that resemble early life,

    live in extreme environments, no nucleus

     

    Eukarya - unicellular or multicellular organisms,

    all life you know, has a nucleus

     

    LUCA - Last Universal Common Ancestor

    FLY

     

    Classification AS

     

    TASK B-7       10-9

    Human Classification 

    DOMAIN -Eukarya

    KINGDOM- Animilia

    PHYLUM- Chordata

    CLASS-  Mammalia

    ORDER- Primates

    FAMILY- Hominidae

    GENUS- Homo

    SPECIES - Homo sapiens     

    1.  What type of life makes its own food?

    2.  What type of life are humans (kingdom)?

     

    Task B-8               10-10

    Linnaeus was the first scientist to group organisms into kingdoms.

    He also used binomial nomenclature,  which means two names.

    It is the genus then species names.

    Dogs are canis lupus familiaris.

    Coyotes, wolves, and dogs are very closely related,

    they can all interbreed.

     

     

    Task B-9           10-11

    A species is a group of organisms with similar traits

    and can produce fertile offspring.

     

    A genus is a group of similar species.

     

    There are no other human species living today.

    Did King Phillip Come Over For Good Spaghetti

    Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species

    FLY

     

    Task B-10        10-15

    A dichotomous key is used to identify organisms.

    It uses a series of questions to narrow the choices.

     

    cladogram is a branching diagram that show

    relationships between organisms.

    The closer organisms are on the diagram, 

    the closer related they are.

    FLY

    Dichotomous Key

    FLY

     

     

    Task B-11         10-16

     

    In the 1600's  Robert Hook and

    Anton Leeuwenhoek made the first microscopes.

    Microscopes magnify objects so we can see very small things.

    Life began once on the Earth, ALL life is related!

     

    It was all single-celled life for 2 billion years!

     

    Hook Video

     

    Leeuwenhoek video

     

     

    TASK B-12                        10-17

    The six kingdoms we recognize today are: 

    eubacteria - single celled, with a simple nucleus, some make food

    archaebacteria - single celled ancient life, lives in extremes,

    without nucleus, some make food

    protista - single celled, has a nucleus, found in water,

    microscopic, some make food

    Eubacteria

     

    AS - Dichotomous Key

     

     

     

     

     

    TASK B-13                 10-18

    fungi - single or multicellular, with a nucleus,

    found everywhere, can't make food

    plants - usually multicellular, found everywhere,

    has a nucleus, makes food

    animals - multicellular, has a nucleus,

    found everywhere, can't make food

     

     

    TASK B-14                10-21

    Cell membrane - the layer that stops most things

    from entering a cell.  Think of a balloon filled with water.

    Cell wall - the outermost layer of many

    cells that gives structure and protection.

    Think of the water balloon in a box.

    Animal cells lack cell walls.

    1.  What gives animals structure?

    AS ON CELL THEORY

     

    TASK  B-15        10-22

     

    A compound microscope is a light microscope that

    uses more than one lens.

    An electron microscope can "see" things 1000 times

    smaller than a light microscope, uses a stream of electrons.

     

    1.  What theory did the invention of the microscope help to happen?

    Microscopes

    AS microscopes

      

    Task B-16           10-23

    Micro-organisms can make people sick.

    "Cell Theory" states that all life is found in cells.

    Microbes kill more people than any other single cause.

    1.  Why should you wash your hands before eating?

    2.  Where in your house are the most germs found?

     

    fly

     

    https://app.discoveryeducation.com/learn/videos/58af7f3b-6a8e-46fe-8ff4-6d78aa6110c7/ 

     

    TASK B-17                                      10-24

    vaccine is made from very small amounts of weak

    or dead germs that can cause diseases —

    for example, viruses, bacteria, or toxins.

    It prepares your body to fight the disease faster

    and more effectively so you won’t get sick.

    Vaccines do NOT cause autism.

    1.  Why do we have to wear shoes at stores?

    2.  Do you know any diseases that vaccines have prevented?

    Vaccine video

     

     

     

    TASK B-21         10-25

    Why do we cover our mouths when we sneeze?